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Consultation terms of individual teachers (please inform teacher in advance that you would like to meet for consultations)

The required extent of knowledge for the final exam is determined by the textbook, the content of lectures and seminars, and the list of exam questions.

Pathophysiology course consists of 1 seminar every other week in winter semester (WS, 2nd year) and 1 lecture and 1 seminar per week in summer semester (SS, 3rd year)

Lectures: Syllabi of the lectures contains the information about the time schedule and the place of the lecture. The attendance is not mandatory, however we strongly recommend to attend as many lectures as possible.

The place of the seminars is indicated at the schedule.

Credit Tests: One credit test is written at the end of summer semester and two credit tests are written during the winter semester. A failure to accomplish the requirements for the summer semester or winter semester credits will result in the additional examination of student's knowledge (re-test or oral examination). The result of all tests and examinations during the semester is entered in the “student card”, which is available to the examiners during the final exams and is taken in account in classification. Students who cannot attend the credit test seminar (illness or other serious excuses) have to sign for alternative test dates (contact:

The tests are “multiple choice”. Each test contains 20 questions and at least one answer is correct for each question. Individual answer is evaluated separately. Student receives a point for each correct answer with maximum of 100 points for the entire test. (see Limits at the bottom of the page)

Recommended study materials:



- Stephen J. Mc-Phee: Pathophysiology of Disease: Introduction to Clinical Medicine (McGraw-Hill Medical; 2014, 7th edition or McGraw-Hill/LANGE; 2010, 6th edition)




– Maruna Pavel a kol.: Examination Tests from Pathological Physiology (Karolinum 2015)

– Silbernagl S., Lang F., Color Atlas of Pathophysiology, Thieme, 2000

– Kumar, Abbas, Aster: Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, (Saunders, 9th edition, 2014 or 8th edition 2009)


Internet sources:

– Lecture hendouts are available at Adobe connect

– Internet Atlas of Physiology and Pathophysiology: internet-link Internet simulators respiration, circulation and acid-base balance, some explanatory chapters available in English

– Search of medical and biomedical research journals: or other scientific databases



- Credit test limit > 60% (in each test of the semester)

- Exam test limit > 60 % (for classification excellent)