General Medicine

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Consultation terms of individual teachers (please inform teacher in advance that you would like to meet for consultations)

The required extent of knowledge for the final exam is determined by the textbook, the content of lectures and seminars, and the list of exam questions.

Pathophysiology course consists of 2 lecture per week in winter semester (WS), 1 lecture per week in summer semester (SS), and 1 seminar per week and 1 seminar every other week in both WS and SS (see schedule).

Lectures: Syllabi of the lectures contains the information about the time schedule and the place of the lecture. The attendance is not mandatory, however we strongly recommend to attend as many lectures as possible.

Seminars: Take place at the Institute of Pathological Physiology, U Nemocnice 5, Prague 2, in the seminar rooms. Weekly seminars are taught by study group teachers. Every other week seminars are aimed to selected diseases or individual pathologic conditions.

With the consent of the study group teacher, student can exceptionally attend seminars with another group. The written request should be submitted to teaching assistant Ms. Radmila Korhoňová (

Credit Tests: During each semester two credit tests are to be written.

The tests are “multiple choice”. Each test contains 20 questions and at least one answer is correct for each question. Individual answers are evaluated separately. Student receives a point for each correct answer with maximum of 100 points (weighted percentage of correct answers) for the entire test. To pass the credit test limit is one of the criteria for pathophysiology credit at the end of the semester (see Limits at the bottom of the page and Credit requirements for individual semesters on the following pages).

Students who cannot attend the credit test seminar (illness or other serious excuses) can take the test during scheduled alternative test dates within two weeks from the test week. Students have to sign for alternative test dates. Contact: .

Essays: Each student should present a written essay as part of their pathophysiology course. The topics are to be selected during the winter semester. Essay should be turned in at the beginning of the summer semester. Group teacher can offer to summarize content of a chosen scientific paper instead of writing an essay. Essays should be submitted through the SIS (See next page for the list of topics and directions).

Oral presentations: During the pathophysiology course, each student should present a selected topic from molecular medicine. A short presentation (5-8 minutes) should focus on the molecular mechanisms of pathologic conditions.

Students will choose topics for presentations during the winter semester. Presentations are coordinated by group teacher.

Recommended study materials:


- Stephen J. Mc-Phee: Pathophysiology of Disease: Introduction to Clinical Medicine (McGraw-Hill Medical; 2014, 7th edition or McGraw-Hill/LANGE; 2010, 6th edition)


Maruna Pavel a kol.: Examination Tests from Pathological Physiology (Karolinum 2015)

Silbernagl S., Lang F., Color Atlas of Pathophysiology, Thieme, 2000

Kumar, Abbas, Aster: Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, (Saunders, 9th edition, 2014 or 8th edition 2009)

Internet sources:

Lecture handouts are available at Adobe connect

Internet Atlas of Physiology and Pathophysiology: internet-link Internet simulators respiration, circulation and acid-base balance, some explanatory chapters available in English

Search of medical and biomedical research journals: or other scientific databases


Credit test limit > 70 % (in each test of the semester)

Exam test limit > 70 %